210 JIR. F. E. TJEDBARD OX NEW EARTII\VOR>rS. [Mar. 19, by Dendrohates, as obsei'ved by A\'"yraan, Kappler, and H. S. Smith, is not the least remarkable'. This J3atraehian was found to carry its tadpoles on its back, fixed by tlieir buccal suckers, with the object, it is believed, of transporhng them from pool to pool. Precisely the same mode of parental care is shown by a frog of the family Itanidai, P/njllohatex trinitatis, Garm., a native of Trinidad and Venezuela. A specimen from Venezuela, recently received at the Xatural History Museum, is preserved in spirit with the tadpoles sticking to the back in the manner described in the case of Dendrohates. The sex of the parent which transports the larvae had not been ascertained in the case of Dmdrohahs. It is therefore of importance to state that in the present instance the feat is performed by the male (as figured on Plate X.), which is distingnished by an internal vocal sac. It was further desirable to ascertain whether any buccal peculiarities existed in the larvae in connection with their habits, and as the specimens, six in number, are perfectly pre-served, this examination offered no difficulty. But, as in the case investigated by Wymau, no peculiarities could be detected: the tadpoles are perfectly normal, of the Eanoid type. There are two series of labial teeth above and three beneath the black horny beak, the lower outer series rudimentary ; the inner upper series is widely interrupted mesially, the inner lower very narrowly ; the lip is bordered by a series of papillae which is widely interrupted in the middle anteriorly. The spiraculum is sinistral and the anus dextral. The tail is about twice as long as the body. EXPLANATION OF PLATE X. Figs. 1, . HtjUt goeldii, Blgr.. female carrying the eggs. '2. An egg froiu the above specimen, eularged. 3. Young, on leaving the mother. 4. PJiyllohates trinUatis, Garm., male carrying the lavTse. 5. Mouth of the larval Phi/Uohaic^ trinUatis, eularged. March 19, 1895. Sir W. H. Tlowee, K.C.B., LL.D., F.R.S., President, in the Chair. The following papers were read : — 1. Preliminary Account of new Species of Earthworms belonging to the Hamburg Museum. By Prank E. Beddard, F.R.S. [Eeceived February 11, 1895.] The collection of " Terricoloe" made by Dr. Michaelsen in South America is in some ways richer than that of the " Limicolse " ^. ' Cf. Boulenger, Ann. & Mag. N. H. ser. C-,, i. 1888, p. 454, & ii. 1888. p. 122. -See Ann. & Mag. N. H. ser. 6, \iii. p. 205: "Preliminary Notice of South-American Tuliijicid(e collected by Dr. Michaelsen, including the Description of a Branchiate Form. By Frank E. Beddard, M.A., F.B.S."