Proceedings of the United States National Museum SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION • WASHINGTON, D.C. Volume 125 1968 Number 3660 Neotropical Microlepidoptera, XVII ^ Notes and New Species of Phaloniidae By J. F. Gates Clarke Senior Entomologist, Department of Entomology For several years I have been engaged, somewhat sporadically, on a revision of the American Phaloniidae. Because this revision will not be completed for several more years — indeed, there is yet much to be done — I wish to make known the new taxa described below and to clarify the status of several previously described forms. None of the previously published species have been illustrated before (except Phalonia embrithopa Meyrick; Clarke, 1963, pi. 13: figs. 1-la), but all the species included in this paper are being figured. In recent years several investigators (Busck, 1939 ; Razowski, 1964) have attempted classifications of this family, but for the most part the treatments have been based on characters of the male genitalia. Not only have the females been neglected but also, when they have been used, the accessory bursa has generally been omitted from the figures and it has not been employed in classification. Actually, the value of this feature and its origin in relation to associated structures are not presently known. The reason for this state of affairs is that * See list at end of paper.