OCCASIONAL PAPERS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES No. 53, 5 pages, 2 figures. January 20, 1966 A NEW SPECIES OF EUBLEPHARIS FROM SOUTHWESTERN IRAN (REPTILIA: GEKKONIDAE) By Steven C. Anderson and Alan E. Leviton California Academy of Sciences In a paper now in preparation the authors will present a detailed evalu-ation of the populations of the gekkonid genus Eublepharis. Suffice to say at this time, the sample of animals obtained by the senior author in Iran several years ago evidently belongs to a species quite distinct from those previously recognized and known to inhabit Pakistan and Afghanistan. We believe it ap-propriate to refer this recently discovered southwestern Iranian population of Eublepharis to a new taxon, Eublepharis angramainyu Anderson and Leviton, new species. ^ Eublepharis macularius (nee Blyth, 1854), BOULENGER, 1895, Cat. Liz. British Mus., vol. 1, p. 97 (part). WERNER, 1917, Verb. k. k. Zool.-Bot. Gesell. Wien, p. 197; 1936, Festschrift Strand, vol. 2, p. 200. ANDERSON, 1963, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, vol. 31, pp. 435-437, 474, fig. 8. HOLOTYPE. CAS 86384, adult male, collected along the old road between Masjid-i-Suleiman and Batwand, Khuzistan Province, Iran, by Steven C. An-derson on May 20, 1958. 1 The trivial name is derived from "Angra Mainyu," the Zoroastrian "Spirit of Dark-ness," in reference to the nocturnal habits of these animals.