A New Name and a New Lectotypification in Neotropical Plants (Ebenaceae, Solanaceae) Sandra KnappDepartment of Botany, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, United Kingdom, [email protected]:T. A new name in Diospyros, D. pana-mense S. Knapp, is coined to replace the homonym-ic D. whitei S. Knapp, and the name Brunfelsiacuneifolia J. A. Schmidt in Martius is lectotypifiedcorrectly with an extant specimen. The following errors have come to light and are corrected here. During the preparation of the account of Eben-aceae for Flora Mesoamericana, two new taxa of Diospyros were described (Knapp, 1997). One of these, D. whitei S. Knapp, was named in honor of the late Frank White, life-long student of the genus. Unfortunately, the epithet had been published just prior to that date for an African species, D. whitei Dowsett-Lemaire & Pannell (Dowsett-Lemaire & Pannell, 1996), also in honor of the late Frank White. This necessitates a new name for the Me-soamerican taxon. Diospyros panamense S. Knapp, nom. nov. Re-placed name: Diospyros whitei S. Knapp, No-von 7: 258. 1997. Not Diospyros whitei Dow-sett-Lemaire & Pannell, Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 65: 399. 1996. TYPE: Panama. San Bias: Rfo diablo y vecinidad de Duque Sui, a unos 10 km de la costa frente a la Isla de Nargana, ruta hacia Cerro Ibed6n, 80-110 m, 9022'N, 78035'W, H. Herrera et al. 1175 (ho-lotype, BM; isotypes, MO, PMA). The new epithet is derived from the country of origin of the only known specimens, Panama. After the publication of the monograph of Brun-felsia (Solanaceae) by the late Tim Plowman (Plow-man, 1998), edited by S. Knapp and J. R. Press,Fred Barrie (MO) kindly alerted to us to our (SK &JRP) incorrect lectotypification of Brunfelsia cunei-folia J. A. Schmidt using a photo of a destroyed Bsheet, as specified by Plowman in his unpublishedthesis. We also contravened Article 37.5 of theCode (Greuter et al., 1994) by not citing the her-barium in which the photograph was housed, ren-dering the lectotypification in Plowman (1998) in-valid. In describing Brunfelsia cuneifolia, Schmidt(1864) cited two specimens: "In Brasilia austral-iore: Sellow nr. 4016 in hb. Berol. In sylvis palu-dosis inundatisque prope S. Joze prov. S. Pauli:Riedel nr. 1467 in hb. Petropol." Reidel 1467 inLE is clearly a specimen of B. obovata Bentham(Plowman, 1998). The Sellow collection in B citedby Schmidt (Sellow 4016) was destroyed in the Ber-lin herbarium, but two unnumbered Sellow collec-tions housed at F and M appear to be duplicatesas they "conform in every way" (Plowman, 1998)to the photograph of the destroyed Berlin sheet.Many Sellow duplicates were distributed withoutnumbers. Plowman's treatment of the specimen inF as an isosyntype is accepted here, and thus it ispossible to lectotypify B. cuneifolia. Plowman(1974, 1998) indicated that he wished to lectotypifyB. cuneifolia with the destroyed B sheet, as goodphotographs of it exist. This, however, is contraryto Article 9.9 of the Code (Greuter et al., 1994),which states that original material must be used forlectotypification; the photographs were taken laterand did not form part of the protologue. It is alsocontrary to Article 9.11: "If a holotype or previouslydesignated lectotype has been lost or destroyed andit can be shown that all other original material dif-fers taxonomically from the destroyed type, a neo-type may be selected to preserve the usage estab-lished by the previous lectotypification." Since theprevious lectotypification (Plowman, 1998) was in-valid, duplicates of the syntypes exist, and one ofthe two syntypes of B. cuneifolia is attributable toanother taxon (B. obovata Bentham), it is clear thespecies needs correct lectotypification to preventfuture confusion. I correctly and unambiguouslylectotypify B. cuneifdlia J. A. Schmidt here, usingthe unnumbered Sellow specimen at F annotatedby Plowman as "isotype" as the new lectotype.Brunfelsia cuneifolia J. A. Schmidt, in Martius, Fl. Bras. 8(1): 259. 1864. TYPE: Brazil. "In Brasilia australiore," Sellow  (lectotype, designated here, F; isolectotype, M; photo-NOVON 9: 524-525. 1999.