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PROCEEDINGS OF THE CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES FOURTH SERIES Vol. XL, No. 15, pp. 439-447; 2 figs. October 3, 1975 HERALDIA NOCTURNA, A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF PIPEFISH (FAMILY SYNGNATH IDAE) FROM EASTERN AUSTRALIA, WITH COMMENTS ON MAROUBRA PERSERRATA WHITLEY By John R. Pax ton Deportment of Ichthyology, The Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia Abstract: Heraldia nocturna is described as a new genus and species in the fish family Syngnathidae. The type locality is Sydney Harbour in eastern Australia. The species occurs on rocky reefs and is nocturnally active. The male has a brood area on the belly that lacks pouch folds or plates; the new genus is related to the Doryrhamphus complex of spiny, belly-pouch pipefishes. Variation in another re-lated Sydney area pipefish, Maroubra perserrata, previously known from a single specimen is described. Introduction In the course of a survey of the fishes of Sydney Harbour, a number of small pipefishes were collected that resembled Doryrhamphus, but differed in the trunk and tail ridges, brood pouch, and head ornamentation. The capture of specimens with quinaldine and hand net allowed aquarium observations on the habits of the new pipefishes. Australia is richly endowed with pipefishes and seahorses; Munro (1958) lists 71 Australian species in the family Syngnathidae, including such distinc-tive forms as the endemic sea dragons Phyllopteryx and Phycodurus. Scuba collecting in both tropical and temperate waters is adding to the known fauna. Methods Methods for making counts and measurements follow Herald (1940). The first trunk ring is twice as long as the other rings and although actually [439]

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Heraldia nocturna, a new genus and species of pipefish (family Syngnathidae) from eastern Australia with comments on Maroubra perserrata Whitley

J R Paxton
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 40: 439-447 (1975)

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