REVIEW OF AUSTRALIAN MANTIDAE. By NORMAN B. TINDALE, S.A. Museum. Plates xii-xxij and Text fio.. 374-377. ■■»• The Mantidae herein dealt with comprise specimens taken by me during an extended visit to Groote Eylandt and Roper River, in the Gulf of Carpentaria, together with those in the South Australian Museum. The descriptions of many of the species previously known were based on either male or female specimens, the other sex being unknown. In a number of instances this deficiency is made good. Four genera and sixteen species are added, bringing the number of known Australian species to seventy-six. Some sub-family and group names recently proposed are not adopted, and the practice of some workers of naming species from immature stages is not followed. The types of the species described by Tepper are in the Sontli Australian Museum. Sub-Family Perlamantinae. PARAOXYPILUS Saussure, 1870 (tasmaniensis). PARAOXYPILUS TASMANIENSIS Saussure. Plate xiii, fig. 9-10, 14. Paraoxypilus tasmmiiensis Sauss., Mitt. Schweiz. Ent. Ges., iii, 1870, p. 227; Mem. Soc. Geneve, xxi, 1871, p. 155, pi. i, fig. 49-50. Hal). Tasmania (Type), New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Kangaroo Island, and Western Australia. One of the males figured is from Tasmania, the other from Lillimur, Vic-toria (mainland specimens have the wings shorter). The female is from Adelaide; it was captured in January, and kept under observation. It deposited an ootheca, the eggs being laid on end alternately in two rows, forming a parallel-sided structure 9 mm. long, 3 mm. high, and 1-5 mm. wdde, the whole operation taking less than three hours. The insect died two days later; the colour of the front femora and coxae, in life a brilliant orange-red, faded shortly after death. Sixteen larvae were discovered dead, having emerged in from 30 to 36 days. They measured 3 ram. in length, and were miniatures of the female.