Chilton. — Notes on some New Zealand Crustacea. 135 Exosphaeroma chilensis (Dana). Sphaeroma chilensis Dana, U.S. Expl. Exped., Crust., p. 177, pi. 52, fig. 3 a-c, 1853. Exosphaeroma chilensis Chilton, Rec. Cant. Mus.. vol. 1, p. 310, 1911. Three specimens of this species were obtained at the Chatham Islands during the trawling cruise of the " Nora Niven," and are described in my report of the results of that cruise. I had previously had specimens from Lyttelton and Auckland, the latter collected by Mr. Suter. The occurrence of the species in New Zealand is noteworthy as another addition to the marine species common to New Zealand and to South America. Livoneca raynaudii Milne-Edwards. Livoneca raynaudii M.-Edw., Hist. Nat. Crust., vol. 3, 1840, p. 262 ; Thielemann, Abhand. K. Baver. Akad. d. Wissensch., 2, Suppl. Bd., 3 Abhand., p. 42, 1910 "; Chilton, Rec Cant. Mus., vol. 1, p. 309, 1911. I have discussed the synonomy of this species, which has so long been known in New Zealand under the name of L. novae-zealandiae, in the paper quoted above. The species is widely distributed in southern seas, and Thielemann records it also from Yokohama, adding that it is closely allied to L. calif ornica Sch. & M., from the coast of California. L. epimerias Richardson, from Japan, also seems to be very closely ?llied, but, accord-ing to Miss Richardson, differs in the shape of the head and the epimera. Art. XII. — Report on Sundry Invertebrates from the Kermadec Islands. By Professor Benham, D.Sc, F.R.S., Otago University. [Read before the Otago Institute, 3rd October, 1911.] Mr. Oliver was good enough to hand to me (for the purpose of identifi-cation, or description if need be) representatives of various classes of non-vertebra ta collected by him during his sojourn on Sunday Island. Unfortunately, my time has not allowed me to touch the Oligochaeta, the Polychaeta, Nemertines, or parasitic worms. In this brief report there are one or two points upon which I have to express uncertainty, owing to the lack of necessary literature ; but it seems desirable to present this list, as I do not see any prospect of being in a better position in the immediate future to deal more fnlly with them. Class Hydrozoa. Order Siphonophora. Physalia utriculus Eschscholtz. Lesson, Voy. de " Coquille," vol. 2, pt. 2, chap. 15, p. 39 ; Zoophytes pi. 5, fig. 2. Haeckel, "Challenger" Reports, 28, p. 351. Cast ashore on Denham Bay, Sunday Island. Widely distributed in the Pacific.