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PROC. ENTOMOL. SOC. WASH. 101(2), 1999, pp. 300-311 DESCRIPTION OF THE IMMATURE STAGES OF THREE SPECIES OF EULEPIDOTIS GUENEE (LEPIDOPTERA: NOCTUIDAE) WITH NOTES ON THEIR NATURAL HISTORY Michael G. Pogue and Annette Aiello (MGP) Systematic Entomology Laboratory, PSI, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, % National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560-0168, U.S.A. (e-mail: mpogue@sel.barc.usda.gov); (AA) Smithsonian Tropical Re-search Institute, P.O. Box 2072, Balboa, Ancon, Republic of Panama (e-mail: aielloa@tivoli.si.edu) Abstract. — Larvae and pupae of the genus Eiilepidotis Hiibner are described for the first time. The species are E. merricki (Holland), E. juncida (Guenee), and E. superior (Guenee), all of Neotropical distribution. The larval host of E. merricki is Spanish-lime, Melicocciis bijiigatus Jacq. (Sapindaceae), which is cultivated as an ornamental and fruit tree throughout the Caribbean. Larvae of E. juncida were reared from Inga fagifolia (L.) Willd. ex Benth. (= Inga laurina (Sw.) Willd.) (Mimosaceae). Larvae off. superior were defoliating Quararibea asterolepis Pitt. (Bombacaceae). Key Words: Melicoccus, Sapindaceae, Inga, Mimosaceae, Quararibea, Bombacaceae, host plants. Neotropical, Panama, Puerto Rico Larvae of tropical Lepidoptera are poorly known, and unless reared to adults, they are virtually impossible to identify specifically. We describe for the first time the immature stages of Eulepidotis Hiibner, a large genus belonging to the subfamily Catocalinae, that is mainly of Neotropical affinity and which comprises 105 species, 3 of which occur in North America (Poole 1989, Poole and Gentili 1996). The immature stages of E. merricki (Holland), E. juncida (Guenee), and E. superior (Guenee) were studied. There have been two reports of Eulepi-dotis larvae defoliating tropical trees. Wong et al. (1990) reported larvae of E. superior defoliating Quararibea asterolepis Pitt. (Bombacaceae) on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Nascimento and Proctor (1994) re-ported that larvae of E. phrygionia Hamp-son were defoliating a monodominant rain-forest of Peltogyne gracilipes Ducke (Cae-salpiniaceae) on Maraca Island, Roraima, Brazil. Unfortunately no larvae from the latter study were preserved. Larvae, pupae, and adults of E. merricki were sent to one of us (MGP) by Lionel-Pagan, U.S.D.A., Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, San Juan, Puerto Rico, for identification. The larvae were defoliating Spanish-lime, Melicoccus bijugatus Jacq. (Sapindaceae), a tree used for fruit and as ornamental purposes in the Caribbean. Spanish-lime is native to continental tropi-cal America from Nicaragua to Surinam and is planted widely and becoming natu-ralized in the Caribbean (Adams 1972, Proctor 1984). One of us (AA) reared the immature stages of E. juncida and E. superior. The host of E. juncida was Inga fagifolia (L.) Willd. ex Benth. (= Ingalaurina (Sw.)

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DESCRIPTION OF THE IMMATURE STAGES OF THREE SPECIES OF EULEPIDOTIS GUENEE (LEPIDOPTERA : NOCTUIDAE) WITH NOTES ON THEIR NATURAL HISTORY

M G Pogue and A Aiello
Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 101: 300-311 (1999)

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