150 Explanation of Plates. Explanation of Plate IX. Injuries to wings of South African Butterflies. Injuries inflicted at the apex or hind margin of one or both fore-wings, or near the overlap of fore-and hind-wings, or at two or more points in the total wing margin. All the figures are about f of the natural size. All the specimens were cajjtured, on the dates mentioned, at Sali.sliur}'-, Mashonalaud, 5000 feet, by Guy A. K. Marshall. Fio. 1. Limnas chrysippus 9, Sept. 22, 1900. Very rarely settles on the ground, so that the attacks of lizards arc not likely to be common. 2. Parosmodes icterla, March 9, 1898. Found in the bush and woodland districts, settling on ilowers. Probably injured when flying, as it rests with its wings closed. 3. Jnnonia cebrene ^, Feb. 15, 1899. Settles on the ground, injuries were very probably inflicted by a lizard. 4. Acnm anernosa ^, March 11, 1899. Flies high for an Acraea, and never settles on ground : feeds on tree flowers, and usually at some height. The injury was probably caused by a bird. 5. L. chrysippns $, March 11, 1898. 6. Catuchrysops maslivna ^ , Sept. 29, 1900. Flies very rapidly, settles on low flowers and the ground, rests at night on grass-stems. The injury was probably caused by a lizard. 7. A. anernosa $ , Jan. 2, 1899. 8. Temcolns omphalc ^, March 31, 1901. Flies rapidly, settles on low flowers and ground, so that lizards are probable enemies, but the narrow symmetrical notch rather suggests a bird's beak. 9. Atella plialantha $ , March 22, 1899. Flies rapidly, settling on buslies and flowers and not on the ground. Birds are the probable enemies. 10. L. chrysip2)ns $ , .July 14, 1901. 11. L. chrydppnti ?, Jan. 2, 1898. The evidence of crumpling, the scratching of the surface, as well as the extensive injuries point to the probable attack of a mantis. 12. A. phaJantha 9, INfar'di 5, 1899. Tips of both fore-wings snipped olf, proliably by a bird.