Bull. zool. Norn., vol. 42, pt 4, December 1985 365 OPINION 1368 THE GENERIC NAMES PAN AND PANTHERA (MAMMALIA, CARNIVORA): AVAILABLE AS FROM OKEN, 1816 RULING. — (1) Under the plenary powers: (a) It is hereby ruled that the names Pan and Panthera are generic names and available as from Oken, 1816; (b) all designations of type species hitherto made for the nominal genera Pan Oken, 1816 and Panthera Oken, 1816 are hereby set aside and Simla troglodytes Blumenbach, 1779 and Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758 are hereby designated as type species of PanOktn, 1816 and Pa«?/j^ra Oken, 1816 respectively. (2) The following generic names are hereby placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology with the Name Numbers specified: (a) Pan Oken, 1816 (gender: masculine), type species, by desig-nation under the plenary powers in (1) (b) above, Simla troglodytes Blumenbach, 1 779 (Name Number 2300); (b) Panthera Oken, 1816 (gender: feminine), type species, by designation under the plenary powers in (1) (b) above, Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758 (Name Number 2301). (3) The following specific names are hereby placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology with the Name Numbers specified: (a) troglodytes Blumenbach, 1779, as published in the binomen Simla troglodytes (specific name of the type species of Pan Oken, 1816) (Name Number 3043); (b) pardus Linnaeus, 1758, as published in the binomen Felis pardus (specific name of the type species of Panthera Oken, 1816) (Name Number 3044). HISTORY OF THE CASE Z.N.(S.)482 The question of the status of the names in Oken, 1816, Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte, was first brought to the attention of the Commission as early as 1944 by the late Dr W. H. Osgood of the Chicago Natural History Museum. His correspondence, along with that from other zoologists and a report from Mr F. Hemming (then Secretary of the Commission), was published in Bull. zool. Nom. (hereafter referred to as BZN), vol. 9, pp. 193-218 (May 1954). This resulted in Opinion 417 [Ops. Decl. Int. Comm. zool. Nomencl., vol. 14, pp. 1-42, 1956) which, although rejecting volume 3 (Zoologie) of Oken's Lehrbuch for nomenclatural purposes, invited zoologists to apply for the conservation of names, which, in the interests of stability, should be accepted as from that work and date.