B R E V I (^°R^ MAR 1 8 1985 iiseiim of Comparati^s^tvZMplogy us ISSN 0006 9698 Cambridge, Mass. 21 February 1979 Number 451 A NEW SPECIES OF CYBOTOID ANGLE (SAURIA, IGUANIDAE) FROM HISPANIOLA Albert Schwartz' Absiract. Anulis strahmi. a new species of clivicolous cybotoid anole from Hispaniola, occurs both north and south of the Sierra de Baoruco, the mountain range associated with the Dominican Peninsula de Barahona. Two subspecies are recognized. Additionally, a new subspecies of Anolis longiiihialis Noble is named from the Peninsula; nominate A. I. loui^itihiulis occurs on Isla Beata off the southern tip of the peninsula. Details of distribution and known ecology of the two species are given, and comparisons of the two species (and their respective subspecies) are made. A hypothetical evolutionary and geographical sequence relating these two species to parent A. cyhoies has been postulated. INTRODUCTION Anolis cyhoies Cope is the first-named of a series of related taxa of Hispaniolan anoles. A. cyhotes, sensu strict o, is a widespread mesophilic species of moderate size that occurs in wooded to rather open situations throughout much of Hispaniola. Although the species prefers mesic habitats, it does not completely shun situations which are xeric. In extremely arid areas, the species is often confined to oases or other shaded enclaves. It reaches elevations in excess of about 1,525 m, depending upon which named upland populations one accepts as subspecies oi A. cyhotes (see Schwartz and Thomas, 1975:77). The species is also known from several of the Hispaniolan satellite islands: He de la Gonave. Isla Catalina, Isla Saona, Ile-a-Vache, He de la Tortue, and He Grande Cayemite. Only on the first of these has an endemic subspecies been named. The present paper 'Miami-I^ade Community College North. Miami. Fla. 33167.