Bonn zoological bulletin 2011 60(2):200-206
44821348

The preimaginal stages of Striphnopteryx edulis (Boisduval, 1847) (Lepidoptera: Eupterotidae)

Sergey N Pugaev, Dieter Stuning, Vadim V Zolotuhin
The
prciniaginal
stages
of
Striphnopteryx
edulis
(Boisduval,
1847)
205
Fig.
31.
Pupa
of
Striphnoptetyx
edulis,
lateral
(female)
and
ventral
(male)
views
(scale
bar
10
mm).
Some
very
short
micro-setae
are
also
present:
mD
(MD)
and
mSD
(MSD)
close
together
in
front
of
Dl
on
T2-T3
and
A1-A8,
on
A1-A8
mSD2
anterodorsally
of
spiracle;
mV
group
below
SV,
on
T2-T3
in
front
of
coxa,
on
Al,
A2
and
A7-A9
in
front
of
SV,
on
A2
double,
on
A3-A6
in
fi-ont
of
prolegs.
DISCUSSION
As
typical
of
the
family,
the
procoxae
of
the
larva
are
con-
nate.
Lemaire
&
Minet
(1999:
330)
considered
this
char-
acter
as
an
autapomoiphy
of
the
family,
but
Oberprieler
et
al.
(2003:
109)
reported
free
procoxae
to
occur
in
some
genera
of
the
Phiala
section
of
Striphnopteryginae.
The
insertion
of
the
primary
setae
in
deep
sockets
(Fig.
28)
ap-
pears
to
be
an
unusual
and
perhaps
phylogenetically
sig-
nificant
character,
as
it
also
occurs
in
other
eupterotid
gen-
era
studied
{Apha
Walker,
1856,
Palirisa
Moore,
1884,
Pseudojana
Hampson,
1893,
Hoplojana
Aurivillius,
1901).
However,
the
insertion
of
the
primary
setae
needs
to
be
studied
more
closely
in
other
eupterotid
genera
and
also
in
other
bombycoid
families.
Some
other
characters
possibly
can
be
considered
di-
agnostic
for
the
genus
Striphnopteiyx:
in
the
larva,
the
mo-
lar
surface
of
the
mandible
is
shovel-shaped
and
un-
toothed;
the
SV-verrucae
on
segments
A3-6
are
well
de-
veloped
(contrary
to
the
condition
in
Pseudojana
incan-
descens
-
see
Pugaev
&
Zolotuhin
201
1
);
the
bases
of
SD-
Bonn
zoological
Bulletin
60
(2):
200-206
setae
are
transfonned
into
strong,
sclerotized
veraicae
with
a
large
number
of
subprimary
setae
(in
Palirisa
-
see
Pu-
gaev
&
Thieu,
201
1
-
and
in
Pseudojana
they
are
repre-
sented
by
a
single
strong
seta
only);
all
groups
of
setae
have
subprimary
setae
admixed;
in
the
pupa,
a
typical
cre-
master
is
absent,
but
the
terminal
segments
of
the
abdomen
are
densely
denticulate
(as
in
Pseudojana
incandescens;
in
Palirisa
salex
hooked
cremastral
setae
are
present);
the
mandible
sheaths
are
small
and
indistinct;
and
the
sheaths
of
the
maxillai7
palps
reach
the
fusion
line
between
the
antennal
sheaths
(in
Pseudojana
the
antennal
sheaths
do
not
touch
each
other
distally).
Some
of
these
characters,
as
well
as
others
not
men-
tioned
above,
may
possibly
prove
to
be
suitable
to
distin-
guish
Striphnopteryginae
from
the
(probably
closely
re-
lated)
Eupterotinae,
but
this
remains
speculative
until
the
immature
stages
of
many
more
genera
are
carefully
stud-
ied
and
compared.
Acknowledgements.
We
thank
W.
A.
Nassig
(Forschungsinsti-
tut
Senckenberg,
Frankfurt
a.
Main,
Gennany)
and
especially
Rolf
Oberprieler
(CSIRO,
Canberra,
Australia)
for
fmitful
dis-
cussions
and
the
latter
also
for
linguistic
improvement
of
an
ear-
lier
version
of
the
paper.
We
are
also
thankful
to
John
Joannou
(South
Africa,
Kiaigersdorp,
now
Pretoria)
for
providing
data
on
species
distribution,
Mike
Mostovsky
(South
Africa,
Pietemiar-
itzburg)
for
organizing
the
expedition
to
South
Africa
and
pro-
viding
technical
support,
Ulla
Kreutz
(Gennany,
Meckenheim)
for
preparing
some
of
the
images
(male
upperside,
details
of
pu-
pa),
the
Trustees
of
The
Natural
History
Museum
(United
King-
dom,
London)
for
the
photo
of
the
type
specimen
and
Bart
Wursten
(Zimbabwe)
with
assistance
from
Roy
Goff
(Gambia,
www.africanmoths.com)
and
Alexey
Prozorov
(Russia)
for
the
photos
of
live
adult
specimens.
Funds
for
V.
Zolotuhin's
expe-
dition
to
Africa
were
provided
by
the
Thomas-
Witt-Stiftung,
Mu-
nich,
in
2007.
The
work
is
part
of
a
program
of
the
Department
of
Zoology
(State
Pedagogical
University
of
Uljanovsk)
inves-
tigating
the
diversity
of
moths.
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JA,
in
Delegorgue
A
(1847)
Voyage
dans
I'Afrique
australe:
notamment
dans
le
territoire
de
Natal,
dans
celui
des
Cafres
Amazoulous
et
Makatisses
et
jusqu'au
tropique
du
Ca-
pricome,
execute
durant
les
annees
1838,
1839,
1840,
1841,
1842,
1843
&
1844.
Tome
2,
Paris:
A.
Rene's
Publ.
House
Hinton
HE
(1946)
On
the
homology
and
nomenclature
of
the
setae
of
lepidopterous
larvae,
with
some
notes
on
the
phyloge-
ny
of
the
Lepidoptera.
Transactions
of
the
Royal
Entomolog-
ical
Society
of
London
97:
1-37
Kroon
DM
(1999)
Lepidoptera
of
Southern
Africa
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Host-plants
and
other
Associations.
A
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of
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South
Africa
Lemaire
C,
Minet
J
(1999
[1998])
The
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and
their
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In:
Kristensen,
NP
(ed.)
Lepidoptera,
Moths
and
But-
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1
:
Evolution,
Systematics
and
Biogeography.
pp.
321-353.
Handbook
of
Zoology
IV
(35),
Berlin
Nassig
WA,
Oberprieler
RG
(2008)
An
annotated
catalogue
of
the
genera
of
Eupterotidae
(Insecta,
Lepidoptera,
Bomby-
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Senckenbergiana
biologica,
Frankfurt
am
Main
88:
53-80
©ZFMK