ILLUSTRATIONS OF SOME AUSTRALIAN FISHES.
By G. P. Whitley/
(Plates xxx.-xxxi. and text-figures.)
The crudest diagram of a fish reveals more of its character than the
average description and facilitates identification of species. Thus the well-
illustrated papers of Waite and McCulloch on Australian fishes were a
tremendous advance on the pictureless pages of many of their predecessors.
Though some hundreds of specimens have been well figured, many species
still remain known only from old and often brief descriptions. I therefore
propose to illustrate type specimens or authentic material of some of these
less known species, and the drawings and photographs so collected will be
embodied in my contemplated "Fishes of Australia" at a later date. In
some cases, when suitable Australian specimens were not available, I have
figured the species from adjacent waters. I have not repeated such re-
ferences to literature as will be found in McCulloch's "Check-List"
(Australian Museum Memoir, v., 1929) .
Many worthless nomina nuda and substitute names of no validity are
formally made synonyms of known species in this paper in order to purge
the Australian list of numerous superfluous entries, and a few new names
Genus Elops Linne, 1766.
Gularus, subg. nov.
Orthotype, Elops australis Regan, 1909.
The Australian species differs from the American genotype (E. saurus
L.) sufficiently to be regarded as a new subgenus characterized as follows: